Bangladesh is a small country in area of the Indo-Pak-Bangladesh sub-Continent. It had been a part of the mighty British Indian Empire for long 190 years since the 23rd June, 1757 to the 13th August of 1947. After partitioning the 1.8-million square mile (4.2 million square kilometers) undivided India into the Muslim majority.
Pakistan and the Hindu majority Hindustan (India), on the 14th and the 15th August respectively of 1947, Britain quitted divided India once for all. Our present independent Bangladesh with an area of roughly 58,000 square miles (1,50,000 square kilometers) had then joined the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, and continued to stay together with that country, as its Province of East Pakistan for 24 years since the 14th August, 1947 to the 15th December of 1971. But on the 26th March, 1971, Major (later on, Lieutenant General) Ziaur Rahman of the then East Bengal Regiment of the Pakistan Army, had on behalf of the Father of the Nation of Bangladesh, Bongobondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (1920—1975) declared the independence of Bangladesh from Pakistan. It took us the Bangladeshis to wrench our complete political independence from Pakistan 08 months and 21 days of bloody warfares since the 26th March, 1971 to the 15th December, 1971. In this bloody war of our liberation against the Military Government of President General Aga Mohammod Yahya Khan of Pakistan (1917—1980) and his General Officer Commanding—in—Chief of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) Lieutenant General Ameer Abdullah Khan Neeazi’s (1915—2006) more than one hundred thousand Pakistani officers and soldiers, three million people of Bangladesh are believed to have been massacred by the marauding Pakistan Army. But there are differences of opinion over this figure of three million in this country and also in the different international communities. One of the top most important person is late Indian Lieutenant General Jagjit Shingh Aurora (1916—2005), General Officer Commanding—in—Chief of the India’s Eastern Command, who had commanded the Indian Army against the Pakistan Army in the East Pakistan War (Bangladesh War of Liberation), once in course of a visit to Dhaka (capital of Bangladesh) before his death, replied to a barrage of questions of the journalists of the different newspapers and other information media that, “I believe that, highest one million people and not more than that, might have been massacred by the one hundred thousand strong Pakistan Army in what was then East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).
(To be continued…..)
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